Choosing a career, Here’s how to go about it!

For many people, choosing a career means taking a decision that could define the outcome of your life. From a career point of view, this means the sum of the various jobs you may hold in your life. However, these definitions do not fully grasp the meaning of occupation.

We want you to think about choosing a career in a broader, more life-encompassing way. Think of the decisions you make about work or college primarily as a valuable component of the lifelong process. In this way, a career can be defined as the decisive sum that guides your educational, social, economic, political, and spiritual efforts and reflects your unique personality traits and fundamental life values.

Road sign with different career paths

Road sign to different career paths

What is involved in choosing a career ?

You can best understand good decision making by first defining the term decision making. A decision can be defined as the behavior of choice. A decision, whether you are aware of it or not, is a response to a question, concern, or question. Appropriate career decisions can be further defined as an ongoing lifelong process that enables choices to complement your personal attributes and help you realize your basic life values. In fact, a career decision should be very cautious, as they can significantly affect your direction, personal satisfaction, and sense of accomplishment in life.

What is career success?

Career success really depends on the individual. For some, career success is measured by financial and material accumulation. Other people’s career success is based on recognition and popularity.

It is also believed that true career success can only be achieved by helping others or contributing to society.

Career success can come when you achieve inner satisfaction by consistently achieving the following:

Consider your deepest and most cherished life values in every major effort.

Your opportunity and inspiration to use and develop current and required skills.

Your excitement about past, present and future achievements


There are so many options out there. How do you choose a career path that suits your skills and interests? With thousands of options, how would you choose the right one for your career? If you do not know what you want to do, this task seems insurmountable. Fortunately, it is not. Following an organized process, you will increase your chances of making a good decision.

  1. Assess Yourself

Before you choose the right career, you have to know yourself. Your values, interests, soft skills, and aptitudes, combined with your personality type, make some occupations perfect for you and others completely inappropriate.

Use self-assessment tools and career Tests to gather information about your characteristics and then generate a list of suitable occupations based on those characteristics. Some important questions and activities to explore:

What subjects do you like to study in school and why?

Which subjects do you do well and why?

If you had to choose a favorite words, numbers, visuals and sports activities, what would it be?

Can you see yourself in a job that your preferred form a large part of what you do every day?

Think about the 5 most important life and work skills you already have–and the skills you want to build. Once you have a good think about your skills and interests, make a list of all careers that you think might be a good match.


  1. Think About Your Short-Term And Long-Term Goals

What will you strive to achieve in the coming months in order to make your top career choices a reality? In the next few years? Create a list of your achievable goals, add to-do dates, and you’ve taken a big step to not only choose a career, but set your dreams in motion.

  1. Make a List of Occupations to Explore

At this point, you may have multiple career lists—one generated by each self-assessment tool you use. To keep yourself organized, you should combine them into a master list. This will make it easier in choosing a career that appeals to you in your list

  1. Explore the Occupations on Your List

At this point, you’ll be glad you managed to narrow your list down to only 10 to 20 options. Now you can get some basic information about each occupation in the list.

  1. Create a “Short List”

Now that you have more information, start narrowing your list even further. Based on what you’ve learned from your research so far, begin to eliminate the fact that you don’t want to pursue any further career. You should end up with two to five careers on your “short list.” If you find a reason for an unacceptable profession that is non-negotiable, cross it off your list. Remove everything with duties that do not appeal to you. Eliminate occupations with weak job prospects. Get rid of any occupation if you are unable or unwilling to fulfill educational or other requirements, or if you lack some of the necessary soft skills to succeed in it.

  1. Conduct Informational Interviews

When there are only a few occupations left on your list, start doing more in-depth research. Arrange to meet with people who work in a career you are interested in. They can provide first-hand knowledge about your career on the short list. Visit your network, including LinkedIn, to find people with whom they have this information to interview.

  1. Make Your Career Choice

Finally, after doing all your research, you are probably ready to make your choice. Choosing a career that you think will bring you the most satisfaction based on all the information you have collected. Realize that if you change your mind about your choices at any point in your life, you are allowed to take over again.

  1. Identify Your Goals

Once you make a decision, identify your long-term and short-term goals. This helps to plot the route of the final landing work in the field of your choice. Long-term goals usually take about three to five years to reach, while you can usually complete short-term goals in six months to three years.

  1. Write a Career Action Plan

Put together a career Action Plan, a written document that outlines all the steps you will have to take to reach your goals. Think of it as a road map that will take you to different strategic points. Write down all your short-and long-term goals, and the steps you must take to reach each one. Include any expected obstacles that may hinder the achievement of your goals—and ways you can overcome them.

While the basics of career development (self-assessment, decision-making, career awareness, exploration and implementation) are the same regardless of age, changes in maturity and life experience require different approaches.

Some career experts believe that most adults, such as children and young people, go through some stages of development. Therefore, they consider a person’s life stage before recommending counselling in choosing a career



Phifer, P. (2003) College Majors and Careers, Fifth Edition. New York, NY: Ferguson Publication.

Youth Employment UK , (2018)

The Balance Careers BY DAWN ROSENBERG MCKAY  Updated, (2019)


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