PHYSICS EDUCATION, THE INTRODUCTION

Physics education is a branch of science that focuses on the nature and nature of matter and energy. The topics of physics include mechanics, heat, light and other radiation, sound, electricity, magnetism, and the structure of atoms.

 

CONTENT

DEFINITION OF PHYSICS

HISTORY OF PHYSICS

IMPORTANCE OF PHYSICS EDUCATION

CAREERS IN PHYSICS

BRANCHES OF PHYSICS

 

DEFINITION OF PHYSICS

Physics, the science that deals with the interaction between the structure of matter and the basic components of the observable universe. In the broadest sense, physics (from Greek physikos) deals with various aspects of nature at both macro and sub-micro levels. Its research scope includes not only the behavior of objects under the action of a given force, but also the nature and origin of gravitational, electromagnetic and nuclear force fields. Its ultimate goal is to develop some comprehensive principles to bring together and explain all these different phenomena. Fundamentally, physics can be defined as the science of matter, motion, and energy. Its laws are usually expressed in mathematical language in an economical and precise way.

HISTORY OF PHYSICS

The elements that become physics come mainly from the fields of astronomy, optics and mechanics, which are methodologically unified through the study of geometry. These mathematical disciplines began in ancient times with Babylonians and Greek writers such as Archimedes and Ptolemy.

Ancient philosophy. The scientific revolution is a series of events that marked the emergence of modern science in the early modern era, when the development of mathematics, physics education, astronomy, biology (including human anatomy) and chemistry changed society’s perception of nature. Since the 18th century, great advances in science have been called “revolutions”. Thales also proposed that water was a basic element in 580 BC, experimented with the attraction between magnets and rubbing amber, and formulated the first recorded cosmology.

Anaximander is known for its primitive evolutionary theory, a substance called apeiron is the building block of all substances. Around 500 BC, Heraclitus proposed that the only basic rule governing the universe was the principle of change, and nothing remained in the same state indefinitely. This observation made him one of the first scholars in ancient physics to study the role of time in the universe, a key and sometimes controversial concept in modern and contemporary physics.

During the Greek classical period (6th, 5th and 4th centuries BC) and the Hellenistic period, natural philosophy slowly developed into an exciting and controversial field of research. Aristotle, a student of Plato, promoted the notion that the observation of physical phenomena could eventually lead to the discovery of the natural laws that govern them. Aristotle’s writings cover physics, metaphysics, poetry, drama, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. He wrote the first work to call this discipline “physics”

in the 4th century BC, Aristotle established a system called Aristotelian physics. In the 3rd century BC, the Greek mathematician Archimedes of Syracuse(Greek:Ἀριιμδδης, 287-212 BC)-often considered the greatest mathematician in ancient times and one of the greatest mathematicians of all time-laid the foundation as a leading scientist in classical antiquity,

Archimedes also developed a well-designed pulley system to move large objects with minimal effort. n Indian philosophy, Maharishi Kanada was the first theory to systematically develop atomism around 200 BC, although some authors assigned him an earlier era in the 6th century BC.

The study of magnetism in ancient China can be traced back to the 4th century BC. The main contributor to this field was Shen Kuo (1031-1095), an erudite and politician who was the first to describe the magnetic needle compass used for navigation. Between the 7th and 15th centuries, scientific progress took place in the Muslim world. Many Indian, Assyrian, Sassanid (Persian) and Greek classics, including Aristotle’s works, have been translated into Arabic.

The Arab scientist Ibn Al-Haytham (965-1040) made an important contribution, and he is considered the founder of modern optics.

The consciousness of ancient works re-entered the West through translation from Arabic to Latin. European scholars, who tried to reconcile the philosophy of ancient classical philosophers with Christian theology, claimed that Aristotle was the greatest thinker in the ancient world. Without directly contradicting the Bible, Aristotelian physics became the basis for the physical interpretation of the European Church. Quantification became the core element of medieval physics.

IMPORTANCE OF PHYSICS EDUCATION

* Physics is an exciting intellectual adventure that inspires young people and expands the frontier of our knowledge of nature.

* Physics produces the basic knowledge needed for future technological advances, which will continue to drive the world’s economic engine.

* Physics contributes to the technological infrastructure and provides the trained personnel needed to take advantage of scientific progress and discovery.

* Physics is an important part of the education of chemists, engineers and computer scientists, as well as other physical and biomedical science practitioners.

* Physics expands and enhances our understanding of other disciplines, such as earth, agriculture, chemistry, biological and environmental sciences, as well as astrophysics and cosmology-disciplines that are very important to people around the world.

* Physics education improves our quality of life by providing the basic understanding necessary to develop new instruments and technologies for medical applications, such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography, ultrasound imaging, and laser surgery.

CAREER IN PHYSICS

Common titles for Bachelor’s degree recipients in Physics Education and Engineering Physics include:

  • Accelerator Operator
  • Applications Engineer
  • Data Analyst
  • Design Engineer
  • High School Physics Teacher
  • IT Consultant
  • Lab Technician
  • Laser Engineer
  • Optical Engineer
  • Research Associate
  • Software Developer
  • Systems Analyst
  • Technical Specialist
  • Web Developer

BRANCHES OF PHYSICS

Physics is composed of many interdisciplinary disciplines and branches for those interested in a career in this field. The following are the main branches of physics:

  • Classical Physics
  • Modern Physics
  • Nuclear Physics
  • Atomic Physics
  • Geophysics
  • Biophysics
  • Mechanics
  • Acoustics
  • Optics
  • Thermodynamics
  • Astrophysics
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