Mathematics is the science of dealing with the logic of shapes, quantities, and permutations.We study mathematics by observing everything around us. It is the cornerstone of everything in our daily lives, including mobile devices, architecture (ancient and Modern), Art, Money, engineering, and even sports. Since the beginning of recorded history, mathematical discoveries have been at the forefront of every civilized society and are used by even the most primitive cultures.

The science of mathematics, structure, order and relationships evolved from the elemental practice of counting, measuring, and describing the shape of objects. It deals with logical reasoning and quantitative calculations, and its development involves the increasing idealization and abstraction of its subject matter.

The need to study mathematics is generated based on the needs of society. The more complex a society is, the more complex its mathematical needs are. The primitive tribe needed more than just the ability to count, but also relied on mathematics to calculate the position of the sun and the physics of hunting.

### Brief History of Mathematics

Several civilizations-in China, India, Egypt, Central America and Mesopotamia-contributed to the mathematics we know today. The Sumerians were the first to develop a counting system. Mathematicians developed arithmetic, which included basic operations, multiplication, fractions, and Square Roots.

The system of the Sumerians passed to the Babylonians through the Akkadian empire around 300 BC. Six hundred years later, in the United States, the Maya developed an elaborate calendar system and were skilled astronomers. Around this time, the concept of Zero was developed.

With the development of civilization, mathematicians began to use geometry, which calculates area and volume for angular measurements and has many practical applications. Geometric shapes are used for everything from home architecture to fashion and interior design.

Geometry went hand in hand with algebra and was invented in the ninth century by the Persian mathematician Mohammed ibn-Musa Al-Khowarizmi. He also developed fast methods of multiplication and diving numbers, which were called algorithms-corruption of his name. Algebra provides civilization with a way to divide inheritance and allocate resources.

The study of algebra means that mathematicians are solving linear equations and systems, as well as quadratics, and delving into positive and negative solutions. Ancient mathematicians also began to study number theory. Since it originated in the construction of shapes, number theory looks at figurative numbers, representations of numbers, and theorems.

### STUDY MATHEMATICS EFFECTIVELY

Mathematics is probably one of the most complained about subjects, almost all over the world. Students who don’t like math tend to face high stress on exams and even homework, find homework difficult or boring and say they don’t benefit at all. Business students can take courses such as business statistics to complete it, while others can take math courses such as calculus. No matter what course they choose to meet this requirement, they need to have some basic knowledge of the topic.

*** Practice, practice and more practice!**

It’s no secret, but many students ignore this basic advice when it comes to math. It is essential to study mathematics which requires a lot of “doing”, and it is not a topic you can remember from your textbook the night before the exam. You need to understand the logic and process behind the problem, which is naturally related to practice.

It also allows you to identify and deal with common mistakes and errors, helping you become a better math student. Even if you think you understand a particular concept or formula, when you face a particular problem, all your existing knowledge may be thrown out of a loop, which is “an exception to the rule”, or particularly tricky.

You need a lot of practice to solve the problem, and the more you practice, the better-especially if you never fully understand the basics. If you’re weak in math, get stronger by getting yourself some practice books or downloading some free practice exercises online.

*** Finish your homework**

Needless to say, homework is very important for mathematics, because you need to apply what you have learned. Even if your course structure does not require you to hand in assignments or provide you with additional points, you can think of it as part of your practice. When it comes to math homework, it’s best not to wait too long so that the concept is still fresh in your mind. If you complete homework and assignments after each class, you may find it easier to master concepts and identify your problem areas.

*** Take extensive notes**

Make detailed notes in class, not just copy formulas. When you are giving a lecture or tutorial, please record in detail what your professor is saying. Later, when you review notes or do homework, these notes may be just what you need to solve a difficult problem, because you will be able to recall what your professor said to solve the problem.

In addition, to study mathematics encourages active learning, so you can get involved when you listen and you can absorb the material better than partitioning and trying to catch up later. Don’t be afraid to ask for help while in college. If you are an international student, you may be shy or find it difficult to say it in a class of hundreds of students, but that shouldn’t stop you from getting help when you need it.

Mathematics is a cumulative discipline, which means you need a solid foundation, otherwise you will be left behind easily and quickly. If you can’t seem to muster the courage to ask questions in class, that’s okay, but you can always approach your professor after class, during a tutorial, or during office hours. Some lectures are also helpful, and if your professor is too busy, you can ask for help. Once you run into a problem that you can’t solve, ask them for help so you can figure it out as early as possible before the end of the semester, and you’re in the head.

You can also get help from your peers, and if you’re really struggling, you can seek counseling, or join a study group where you can discuss issues together. Sometimes you just need to explain something to you in a different way to really understand it. Getting some support and help may be just what you need to master a math class

*** Believe in yourself**

This in itself may not be a learning skill, but the right attitude is very important to become a good math student. When we tell ourselves from an early age that we are not good at math, we let ourselves fail. By reinforcing the belief that you are not good at math, or that it is too boring, you are more likely to face math anxiety, stress and low confidence, which leads to miserable feelings in class, as well as low retention rates, reluctance to ask for help to mention so from the first day of class tell yourself that this is something you can do, believe in yourself, take a positive attitude, you may find that you are not as bad at math as you first think

REFERENCES

https://www.livescience.com/

www.studyinternational.com