Over the years, psychologists and neuroscientists have conducted many studies on the human brain to determine how it receives, processes, stores, and retrieves information (especially in the examination room). The one reason why you forget in the exam hall is also the most often overlooked.
When conducting these studies, the cause of one or more of the brain activity failures was also determined. Therefore, the assumptions of various forgetting theories. The definition of “forgetting”: in simple terms, forgetting is the inability to remember. Forgetting can also be said to be the obvious loss or modification of information that has been encoded and stored in an individual’s long-term memory.
This is a spontaneous or gradual process in which old memories cannot be recalled from memory storage. There are two simple reasons for “why people forget”: the first reason people forget is because memories have disappeared or are no longer available.
Secondly, the memory is still stored in the memory system, but due to some biological and psychological reasons, it cannot be retrieved or accessed. Therefore, forgetting occurs due to lack of availability and/or accessibility of information.
ONE REASON WHY YOU FORGET IN THE EXAM HALL IS IN THE “ENCODING FAILURE THEORY”
In many cases, people “forget” because of coding failures. In other words, no memory was formed at the beginning because the person did not pay enough attention or distraction.
Failed encoding or invalid encoding may prevent information from entering long-term memory, so that no information is stored to be retrieved at a later time. Nickerson and Adams (1979) completed a classic study to verify that coding failure was the cause of forgetting.
They conducted a series of experiments to determine how people can completely and accurately remember the visual details of a common object, an American penny. You may be interested in the fact that when 140 university professors were asked what strategies they used to improve memory, the most commonly recommended technique was “write it down.” Take notes to ensure that information is not lost from short-term memory before it can be stored permanently.
It is not enough to store information in sensory or short-term memory, but to consciously encode it into long-term memory. Most students complain of “forgetting” after a long period of study. In order to avoid this situation, these students need to understand the psychological and biological factors that affect their learning ability, namely how the brain receives, processes, stores, and retrieves information in the examination room.
Interestingly, sometimes, we forget because we need to. When it comes to daily experiences, we really don’t want to store every information received by our brain for a long time. Some information will eventually become useless.
Insufficient attention to what you want to remember
The first reason for forgetting in the exam hall is a lack of proper attention to what we want to remember. As a result, this experience did not leave a strong enough impression on us. We forget because we don’t pay enough attention to what we want to remember in order to keep it firmly imprinted in our minds.
Lack of revision or rehearsal
It is normal to forget most of what you have learned within a few days after studying, unless it is constantly revised to keep it fresh. Many of the things we read are forgotten almost as soon as we learn them. After that, the rest was gradually forgotten. Taking time to remember information every day, such as exam information, will greatly reduce the impact of forgetting.
Interfere with other activities during or just after study time
Studies have shown that other activities we pursue after learning something can interfere with our ability to retain and remember it later. In other words, we forget what we learned because we learned other things later. How much you will forget actually depends on how similar the interfering activity is to what you are learning. Interference is most helpful when the interfering material or activity is very similar to the material being read.
For some reason, suppress what you are learning
Depression is the act of controlling strong emotions and desires, not allowing them to be expressed, making them seem to no longer exist In the context of forgetting what we have read, suppression occurs when we prevent ourselves from being aware of some tendencies active in our minds, which oppose strong resistance or unwillingness to recall.
Unhealthy nutrition or diet
It has been discovered that the food we eat does affect our brains. Eating foods such as highly flavored dishes, large amounts of meat, salt and stale foods can affect our brains. Certain items such as cigarettes, alcohol and caffeine can also have a negative impact on our brain. Excessive consumption. Some foods and items are part of a poorly nutritious diet because they hinder the blood and energy circulation of the body and mind.
Lack of good rest and adequate sleep
For most students, one of the most neglected areas of their lives is sleep. Most adults need 7 to 8 hours of continuous sleep per night; children and adolescents need more. If you don’t get enough quality sleep, your memory is one of the first parts to be affected. In short, human memory is a complex, whole-brain process that is essential to who we are. The more you know about your memory, the more you can understand how to improve your memory.