Education is defined by many educators, philosophers and authors. This is a very familiar word we hear in everyday life, because education is considered the most important activity in any society. Something important, but not independent of the number of opinions and assumptions “what is the definition of Education”
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Aristotle: Education is the process of training a person through the exercise of all faculties to maximize the achievement of his goals as a member of society.
M.J.Langeveld: Education is every interaction that takes place between adults and children every association is a field or a country where educational work is ongoing.
H.Professor Mahmud Yunus: Education strives to deliberately choose to influence and help children with the aim of improving the knowledge, body and morality that can gradually provide the child with the highest goal. In order for the child to live a happy life.
Kohnstamm and Gunning (1995): Education means bringing out the universal validity thought that lurks in everyone’s heart.
Stella van Petten Henderson: Education is a process of self-formation and self-determination, morally, in line with conscience.
In answering the question ” what is the definition of Education ” we have to bear in mind that education is a discipline that involves teaching and learning methods. Education can be considered as the transfer of a society’s values and accumulated knowledge.
However, as societies become more complex and the amount of knowledge from generation to generation becomes more than anyone can know, it is therefore necessary to develop more selective and efficient means of cultural communication. The result is formal education-schools and specialists called teachers
HISTORY OF TEACHING
A look at a brief history of education teachers. In the 19th century, teachers were usually male and had other occupations, such as agriculture. Because of their skills, they are easily hired as teachers after being evaluated by the local review board.
Teaching is also seen as a stepping stone for other professions, such as law or joining the clergy. By the end of the 19th century, basic education reforms, led by leaders such as Horace Mann, provided state oversight to public schools to ensure that certain educational standards were met.
Teacher certification appeared in 1900, starting Professional Standards in teaching subjects such as arithmetic, geography, grammar, history, reading, spelling and writing.
At the beginning of the 20th century, a unique teacher education program was formed, extending traditional education. These include:
- Evolution into a university: the expansion of the teacher training school to the National University, with a focus on preparing students for the teaching profession.
- Evolution within the university:departments within the university develop into their own schools of education within institutions such as Harvard University and the University of California, Berkeley.
- By the 1920s, educational programs were being prepared for teachers to enable them to teach students at all levels and disciplines, from undergraduates to doctorates. Today, there are many certified and advanced degree educators, such as a master’s degree in science and a master’s degree in education for an art degree.
NEW LEARNING TOOLS
With the education of teachers, learning tools and teaching techniques have also changed significantly with the digital revolution. It is necessary to combine technology, mobile devices and independent learning with more traditional models and settings. Some of the disruptions in the education system include:
- Hands-on learning: in the past, hands-on learning was only seen on school field trips. These days, teachers show students how topics are relevant to their lives, such as trade schools, apprenticeships, and design. Hands-on learning is also a method of combining technology, so students can choose the classroom.
- Flip the classroom: flip the classroom is a learning method where students provide learning materials in advance and encourage questions to be asked during classroom discussions.
- Micro-learning: To solve shorter attention problems, teachers offer courses in “bite-sized blocks” instead of lengthy lectures. Topics are broken down into concise courses with opportunities for hands-on learning and activities for students to participate in.
- Diverse learning: Different students react to different ways of teaching. Some are visual learners, others do better when reading or attending classes. To solve this problem, teachers offer different opportunities and avenues for students to learn about concepts such as podcasts, videos and other digital resources online, rather than traditional learning content.
From early childhood education to university education, learning and education at all levels are developing rapidly. Even higher learning and specialized schools such as medicine have changed in recent years.
TYPES OF EDUCATION
Education goes beyond the place within the four walls of the classroom. A child gets an education from his experience outside school as well as from those on the basis of these factors. There are three main types of education, namely formal, informal and informal.
Formal education or formal learning usually takes place in the premises of the school, where a person may learn basic, academic, or trade skills. Small children often attend a nursery or kindergarten but often formal education begins in elementary school and continues with secondary school. Post-secondary education (or higher education) is usually at a college or university which may grant an academic degree. The formal education is given by specially qualified teachers they are supposed to be efficient in the art of instruction. It also observes strict discipline. The student and the teacher both are aware of the facts and engage themselves in the process of education.
Informal education may be for parents to teach their children how to prepare a meal or ride a bike. People can also get non-formal education by reading many books from libraries or educational sites. Non-formal education is when you are not studying in school and do not use any specific learning methods. In this type of education, conscious efforts are not involved. This was neither pre-planned nor intentional. It can be studied in some markets, hotels or at home. Unlike formal education, non-formal education is not taught by institutions such as schools or colleges. Non-formal education is not carried out on any fixed schedule. There is no need to set up a course. Non-formal education includes experience and actual life in the family or community.
Non-formal education includes adult basic education, adult literacy education or equivalent school preparation. In non-formal education, someone (not in school) can learn literacy, other basic skills or job skills. Home education, personalized teaching (such as programming learning), distance learning and computer-aided teaching are other possibilities. Non-formal education is implemented consciously, intentionally and systematically. It should organize a homogeneous group. Non-formal education should be programmed in accordance with the needs of identified groups. This will require flexibility in curriculum design and Evaluation plans.